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dc.description.abstractThe wholesale and retail firms are very significant in the country’s development process and, as such, the sector was identified as a contributor to the achievement of the Kenya Vision 2030 through job creation. That said, the growth of the wholesale and retail sector has been declining over the years, constraining its ability to contribute to job creation as envisioned by the Kenya Vision 2030. A key factor that influences the growth of the sector is the regulatory framework that has implications on growth of wholesale and retail firms. In addition, wholesale and retail firms play a major role in the economy due to their linkages with other sectors by providing readily available markets for products and services to consumers. The country has experienced an increase in wholesale and retail firms, a majority of which include supermarkets and hypermarkets, both local and foreign owned which continue to dominate domestic trade in Kenya. As a result, effective regulation of these firms is critical to enhancing the sector’s contribution to the improvement of livelihoods through job creation, particularly in the post-COVID-19 period, which is a major concern for the government in achieving the aspirations of the Kenya Vision 2030. The Constitution of Kenya 2010 devolved the function of regulation and development of wholesale and retail trade to the County governments. Specifically, the issues of market development, trade licences, and fair-trade practices were entirely devolved to County governments through the Fourth Schedule of the Constitution. Since the devolution of the wholesale and retail regulatory function to County governments, new charges such as county fees were introduced, and charges for the existing ones were increased, thus constraining the growth of firms. Further, the National government agencies also regulate the wholesale and retail firms where registration and incorporation of businesses are done by business registration service (BRS) domiciled at the Office of the Attorney General. In addition, the taxation of businesses is facilitated by the Kenya Revenue Authority (KRA) on behalf of the National government. Other national government agencies similarly regulate the sector depending on the type of business activity the firm is engaged in. As such, it is evident that the wholesale and retail firms are regulated by the two levels of governmenten
dc.publisherThe Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA)en
dc.relation.ispartofseriesPolicy Brief;No. 01/2022-2023
dc.subjectWholesale and Retail Firmsen
dc.subjectWholesale and Retail Sectoren
dc.subjectCounty Governments Regulationsen
dc.subjectBusiness Registration Regulationen
dc.titlePolicy Brief No. 01 of 2022-2023 on Towards Effective Regulation of Wholesale and Retail firms in Kenyaen
dc.typePolicy Briefen
ppr.contributor.authorKaranja, Johnen

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