Kajiado County had a total population of 1,117,840, where female population accounted for 50.1 percent while the male population was 49.8 respectively (The Kenya Population and Housing Census of 2019). The total intersex population was only 38 persons. This represents 62.6 percent population increase in the last ten (10) years. Rural-Urban migration is a major factor contributing to rapid urbanization and urban growth experienced in the county. This has contributed to the rise in multiethnic representation in the major urban centers, with the Maasai community being dominant in the rural areas.
The county has five (5) sub-counties and twenty-five wards with the headquarters at Kajiado Town. It is primarily semi-arid with livestock rearing and crop growing as the main economic activities. Livestock rearing is mainly practiced through nomadic pastoralism in the rural areas. The agriculture and livestock sector employs about 75 percent of the total population and provides nearly 40 percent of the county’s food requirements. According to the ASDSP Baseline report of 2014 (GoK, 2014), at least 78 percent of households were employed and derived their income from on-farm (crop, livestock sales and fishing activities). Approximately 1,055ha of land is cultivated with food crops such as maize, sorghum, finger millet, beans, cowpeas, green grams, tomatoes, bulb onions amongst others.